Introducing Electric Bus Fleets in Rio de Janeiro City – Methodology and Analysis

Authors

  • Caio Gonçalves da Silva e Silva UniCBE University Center  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6541-1570
  • Luiz Artur Pecorelli Peres Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro.

Keywords:

Energy efficiency, Load management, electric vehicle, Public transport

Abstract

This paper describes the establishment of a methodology aimed at planning the electrification of public urban bus fleets in order to characterize the operational requirements of the battery recharge process. Specifically, it deals with obtaining the behavior of demand and the necessary electrical energy for battery recharging. The effects on the electrical system peak and the resulting environmental benefits are also evaluated by comparing with current internal combustion fleets. An innovative method is applied to a fleet in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The motivation for this work is due to the characteristics of the Brazilian energy mix that is highly favorable to the electrification of urban transport with greater energy efficiency, with a view to reducing the impacts of internal combustion drive and the respective atmospheric emissions that are harmful to the environment. Also, this work offers the steps to establish essential elements, as daily, month and year energy consumption in order to recharge an electric bus fleet and data for the transportation bus company contracts an electric power distribution utility in Brazil. In spite conservative premises were considered, the calculations show electric bus option attractive. The operational energy consumption of diesel bus fleet is 19.10 MJ/km more than three times the consumption of electric bus fleet, this is 6.10 MJ/km. Additionally, 153 ton of fossil CO2 atmospheric monthly emissions are avoided. The results obtained indicate the need for public policies in favor of electric power and the environmental benefits of adopting electric buses.

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Author Biographies

Caio Gonçalves da Silva e Silva , UniCBE University Center 

Caio Gonçalves da Silva e Silva received his M.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering and his B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering in 2016 and 2019, respectively, from Rio de Janeiro State University – UERJ. He also holds a 2009 certificate in electromechanics from the Celso Suckow da Fonseca Federal Center for Technological Education – CEFET/RJ, and did a 2014-2016 internship at LIGHT S.A. in Distribution Operation and Maintenance Planning. He is currently an Electrical Engineering Professor of Power Systems at the CBM University Center – UniCBE. His main research interest is in electric propulsion as well as photovoltaic energy systems.

Luiz Artur Pecorelli Peres, Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro.

Received his D.Sc. in 2000 and M.Sc. in 1977 from the Federal University of Itajubá and his B.Sc. from Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in 1970. All three degrees are in Electrical Engineering. He is a retired Associate Professor at Rio de Janeiro State University – UERJ where he worked for over 40 years. He coordinates the Electric Vehicles Studies Group (GRUVE) founded in 2001at UERJ. Pecorelli Peres has more than 30 years of experience with power system planning and operation at ELETROBRAS and FURNAS. He is an IEEE member, a founder of the Brazilian Association of Electric Vehicles – ABVE and was a coordinating member of the Ministry of Science and Technology’s Electric Vehicle Network. His main research focus is on road transport electrification.

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Published

2022-06-03

How to Cite

Gonçalves da Silva e Silva , C., & Pecorelli Peres, L. A. (2022). Introducing Electric Bus Fleets in Rio de Janeiro City – Methodology and Analysis. IEEE Latin America Transactions, 100(XXX). Retrieved from https://latamt.ieeer9.org/index.php/transactions/article/view/6380

Issue

Section

Electric Energy