A Mathematical Programming Approach for Allocation and Analysis of TCSC in Power Transmission Systems

Authors

Keywords:

Mathematical programming, Reactive power control, Flexible AC transmission systems, Power system control, Optimization

Abstract

In this paper, a mathematical programming approach based on a branch and bound (BB) algorithm is proposed in order to determine the optimal allocation of thyristor-controlled series compensators (TCSC) in electrical power transmission systems, considering line thermal limits. The TCSC modeling is added in the Y-bus matrix, facilitating the computational implementation. BB-Y is the methodology used in this paper aiming to maximize the loading of the system considering a certain quantity of TCSC. In addition, the proposed algorithm is implemented for another test, using a determined number of TCSC, in order to improve the network voltage profile and minimize the total transmission losses. The methodology uses an interior point method to solve the problem relaxed, modeled as a reactive optimal power flow problem. Simulations are performed on the IEEE 118-bus test system, allocating different quantities of TCSC to find the maximum load the system can support. Given a certain number of TCSC, previously defined for a specific load, the TCSC are reallocated considering different objectives. For two TCSC the time for relocation is shorter than 4 seconds. The results also show that from three TCSC onwards, the maximum load increasing is not relevant, being around 0.3%. Therefore, the conclusion is that the algorithm has a low processing time, and conservative solutions allied with the presented methodology can be used in the optimal allocation of TCSC, what the aim is to optimize the systems performance.

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Author Biographies

Jaqueline Santos Pereira, University Federal of ABC

Jacqueline Santos Pereira received the BSc. degree in electrical engineering from UNIFEI (2013), and MSc. from UFABC (2017). She worked at ABB Brazil with Power Quality Solutions, and currently she is an Engineer at Ramboll, in Denmark.

Edmarcio Antonio Belati, University Federal of ABC

Edmarcio Antonio Belati holds a masters degree from UNESP (1998) and a doctorate from USP (2003) in Electrical Engineering. He has experience in using optimization techniques applied to Electric Power Systems. He is currently a professor at UFABC.

Claudionor Francisco do Nascimento, University Federal os São Carlos

Claudionor Francisco do Nascimento received the B.Sc. degree in electrical engineering from UNESP (1992), the M.Sc. and the Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from USP, in 2003 and 2007, respectively. He is an Associate Professor at UFSCar.

Paulo Fernando Silva, University Federal os São Carlos

Paulo Fernando Silva was born in 1995 in the city of Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil. He is currently pursuing an academic masters degree in the Postgraduate Program in Electrical Engineering at the Federal University of Sao Carlos (PPGEE/UFSCar).

Priscila Rossoni, Federal University of ABC

Priscila Rossoni has a degree in Computer Engineering from Centro Universitario Fundacao Santo Andre (2013). She has a masters degree in Electrical Engineering from UFABC. She is currently a PhD student in Energy at UFABC.

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Published

2022-05-11

How to Cite

Pereira, J. S., Belati, E. A., do Nascimento, C. F., Silva, P. F., & Rossoni, P. (2022). A Mathematical Programming Approach for Allocation and Analysis of TCSC in Power Transmission Systems. IEEE Latin America Transactions, 100(XXX). Retrieved from https://latamt.ieeer9.org/index.php/transactions/article/view/6289

Issue

Section

Electric Energy