Evaluation of the Lightning Performance of Transmission Lines Partially Protected by Surge Arresters Considering the Frequency-Dependent Behavior of Grounding

Authors

Keywords:

Transmission Lines, Surge Arresters, Lightning Performance, Backflashover Rate, Hybrid Simulations

Abstract

This work evaluates the efficiency of installing surge arresters in only one or two phases concerning the lightning performance of transmission lines. The simulations were performed in the ATP software, taking as reference a Brazilian 138 kV transmission line, and considering the rigorous representation of the frequency-dependent behavior of the tower footing impedance. The electrical parameters of the soil were considered as either constants or frequency-dependent, in order to analyze the influence of this effect in partially protected lines. The results obtained have shown that the partial protection technique is highly efficient. Although it does not guarantee the protection of the unprotected phase(s), the probability of insulation breakdown is strongly decreased. It was also verified that the inclusion of the frequency-dependent effect in the soil parameters significantly reduces the backflashover rate estimates of the studied line when compared to the constant values situation.

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Author Biographies

Felipe de Vasconcellos, Federal University of Bahia, Brazil

Felipe Mendes de Vasconcellos was born in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, in 1986. He received the B.Sc. degree in Electrical Industrial Engineering from the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil, in 2010, and the M.Sc. and D.Sc. degrees in Eletrical Engineering from the Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil, in 2017 and 2020, respectively. Since 2019, he has been an Assistant Professor teaching Electrical Engineering in some Private Higher Education Institutions in Salvador, Bahia. His research interests include electromagnetic transients in power systems, grounding systems modeling, lightning performance of overhead transmission lines, and lightning protection of power systems.

Rafael Alípio, Federal Center of Technological Education of Minas Gerais

Rafael Alipio was born in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in 1985. He received the B.Sc. degree in electrical engineering and the M.Sc. degree in mathematical and computer modeling from the Federal Center of Technological Education of Minas Gerais (CEFET/MG), Belo Horizonte, in 2007 and 2008, respectively, and the B.Sc. degree in physics and the Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, in 2008 and 2013, respectively. He is currently a Full-Time Lecturer with the Department of Electrical Engineering, CEFET/MG. His general research interests include grounding, frequency dependence of soil parameters, lightning, electromagnetic transients, and electromagnetic modeling.

Fernando Moreira, Federal University of Bahia

Fernando Augusto Moreira was born in São Paulo, SP, Brazil, in 1970. He received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in Electrical Engineering in 1994 and 1997, respectively, from the University of São Paulo, Brazil. He received his Ph.D. degree also in Electrical Engineering in 2002 from the University of British Columbia, Canada. He has been with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering of the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil, since 2005, where he is currently an Associate Professor. His main research interests are in the theory and simulation of electromagnetic transients in power systems and in the development of efficient solution methods for EMT-type programs.

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Published

2021-09-24

How to Cite

de Vasconcellos, F., Alípio, R., & Moreira, F. (2021). Evaluation of the Lightning Performance of Transmission Lines Partially Protected by Surge Arresters Considering the Frequency-Dependent Behavior of Grounding. IEEE Latin America Transactions, 100(XXX). Retrieved from https://latamt.ieeer9.org/index.php/transactions/article/view/5625