Splitting Ventilator Valve Concept Used In The COVID-19 Treatment Through Additive Manufacturing Technique
Keywords:automated valve, mechanical ventilator, pulmonary mechanical behavior
Due to COVID-19 outbreak, many sectors around the globe have been facing the most diverse crisis. Regarding the health system, hospitals all over the world have been going through, among so many challenges, shortage of resources that could, if available, help them on the fight against COVID-19, and even save the lives of their patients. This review paper aims to offer for both healthcare providers and patients, better conditions when fighting the disease, regarding the actual primary care shortage, and addressing a splitting valve concept coupled to the mechanical ventilators in the most severe cases. The automated valve development with a monitoring and analysis system for pulmonary mechanics will stablish the database parameters of patients with COVid-19 and SARS, in order to assist the medical team in the treatment of diseases and the average evolution of the clinical condition of patients at an early stage, contributing to a reduction in the time of hospitalization and treatment and mortality. These information is saved on a database shared with other hospitals, allowing a search for matching patients; with similar or same pulmonary compliance, gender, height, weight, respiratory frequency and, in most severe cases when the patient needs mechanical ventilation, the availability of the nearest treatment is verified viewing immediate care. Regarding the mechanical ventilator device usage, the automated valve views engaged to a human-machine interface from the system’s hardware allows the treatment of multiple patients, under the same ventilator, in an individualized way. To achieve that, pressure transducers and controllers of flow and temperature will continuously monitor the adequate flow of air and pressure to each patient that are under the same ventilator. Moreover, when monitoring each patient among the health units and hospitals integrated to the system, the medical team is helped defining the best strategy to the treatment stage and, by these means, the use of mechanical ventilator by the CoVID-19 patient is amplified, allowing to attend more than one patient who will need mechanical ventilation with SARS an accuracy treatment and monitoring method.