Protection Coordination in Microgrids: Current Weaknesses, Available Solutions and Future Challenges

Authors

  • Jesús M. López Lezama Universidad de Antioquia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2369-6173
  • Sergio Danilo Saldarriaga Zuluaga Facultad de Ingeniería, Institución Universitaria Pascual Bravo, Calle 73 No 73A-226, Medellín, Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9134-8576
  • Nicolás Muñoz-Galeano Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 70 No 52-21, Medellín Colombia

Keywords:

Microgrids, power system protection, distributed generation, electrical protection coordination

Abstract

Coordination of microgrids protections is an emerging research issue due to the increasing participation of distributed generation (DG) in power grids. This review paper aims to show the current weaknesses in the coordination of protections for microgrids, as well as the available solutions and future challenges. The review evidences that microgrid protection systems must face two important aspects. The first one is the dynamic behavior presented by the microgrids that take place due to the intermittency of energy resources. The second one is related to the operation modes of the microgrids, since they may operate either connected or disconnected from the distribution network. The literature review also allowed classifying the most used protection schemes for microgrids. A comprehensive analysis which performs a discusion of the most relevant future challenges regarding microgrid protection coordination is also presented.

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Author Biographies

Jesús M. López Lezama, Universidad de Antioquia

He received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees from the Universidad Nacional de Colombia in 2001 and 2006, respectively. He also received his Ph.D. degree at the Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), SP, Brazil in 2011. Currently he is an associate Professor at Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia. His major research interests are planning and operation of electrical power systems and distributed generation

Sergio Danilo Saldarriaga Zuluaga, Facultad de Ingeniería, Institución Universitaria Pascual Bravo, Calle 73 No 73A-226, Medellín, Colombia

He received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees from the Universidad de Antioquia in 2013 and 2016, respectively. He is currently working towards the Ph.D. degree in electronic and computing engineering at the Universidad de Antioquia. Currently he is a Professor at Institución Universitaria Pascual Bravo, Medellín, Colombia. His major research interests are planning, operation and protection of electrical power systems

Nicolás Muñoz-Galeano, Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 70 No 52-21, Medellín Colombia

He received a B. E. degree in Electric Engineering at the University of Antioquia (UdeA-2004), and the Ph.D. degree in Electronics Engineering (UPVLC-2011). Since 2005 he has been professor of the Electric Engineering Department at the University of Antioquia (Colombia) and member of research group GIMEL. His research work is focused in power electronics design, control and electrical machines

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Published

2021-03-09

How to Cite

López Lezama, J. M., Saldarriaga Zuluaga, S. D., & Muñoz-Galeano, N. . (2021). Protection Coordination in Microgrids: Current Weaknesses, Available Solutions and Future Challenges. IEEE Latin America Transactions, 18(10), 1715–1723. Retrieved from https://latamt.ieeer9.org/index.php/transactions/article/view/3315

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